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What Is Hyperpigmentation and How to Treat It?

December 04, 2016 2 min read

What Is Hyperpigmentation and How to Treat It?

Hyperpigmentation is one of the most common skin disorders affecting men and women worldwide. Its symptoms are caused by excess melanin production. Treatment is difficult and depends on what has caused hyperpigmentation in the first place.                                                                                                                        

Causes and Risk Factors

This disorder is characterized by dark patches of skin, such as age or liver spots, freckles, acne scars and melasma. It's caused by an excess of melanin, the pigment that gives skin its color. Hyperpigmentation affects people of all ages and races. Common risk factors include:

  • Pregnancy
  • UV exposure
  • Sun damage
  • Inflammation
  • Skin injuries
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Aging
  • Genetics
  • Photocontact dermatitis
  • Exposure to bleomycin, salicylic acid, and other chemicals
  • Linea nigra
  • Nelson's syndrome
  • Mercury poisoning
  • Smoking
  • Hormonal disorders

 

Many women develop this condition during pregnancy. Additionally, the female sex hormones progesterone and estrogen contribute to the overproduction of melanin. Sun exposure is another common factor that may trigger this disorder.

 

What Can You Do about Hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is usually treated with topical creams containing retinoids and AHAs (alpha hydroxy acids). These natural compounds remove dead skill cells and promote cell regeneration. Jolicoeur's Lavish Brightening Serum has been proven effective for treating this condition. This innovative formula stimulates cellular renewal while simultaneously brightening and tightening your skin, henceforth removing melasma, dark spots, and acne scars. It's made with hyaluronic acid, kojic acid, and other moisturizing ingredients that promote skin health.

In severe cases, the dermatologist may recommend creams containing cortisone, tretinoin, or hydroquinone. However, these ingredients carry serious side effects and may affect sensitive skin. Patients can also opt for laser treatments, chemical peels, IPL (Intense Pulsed Light) therapy, and topical glucocorticoids. To prevent further damage, avoid sun exposure and use sunscreen daily.


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